(Books, articles, and websites cited in text)


E. Anichkov.  “Les survivances manichéennes en pays Slaves et en Occident”, Revue des Études Slaves, vol. 8, pp. 203-225 (1928).

Augsburg Confession. http// [2012].

Augustine of Hippo.  The Confessions, Of the Morals of the Catholic Church, Of the Morals of the Manichaeans, Against the Epistle of Manichaeus Called Fundamental, Reply to Faustus the Manichaean, Concerning the Nature of Good: Against the Manichaeans, On Heresies.

Michael Baigent and Richard Leigh. The Inquisition. London & New York: Viking, 1999.

Walter Bauer. Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity, 2d ed. Philadelphia, 1971.

Bible, Old and New Testaments.

O. Bihalji-Merin and A. Benac. The Bogomils. London: Thames,1962.

Mary Boyce. Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.

David Briggs. “America’s images of God: Love may keep us together. ” Oct. 20, 2010: [2012].

-----     “Knowing where they stand: Belief in resurrection central to religious identity across Christian landscape.” April 5, 2012: [2012].

Rudolf Bultmann. Primitive Christianity, trans. R. H. Fuller. New York: Living Age Books, 1956.

-----     “Zur Geschichte der Lichtsymbolik im Altertum,” Philologus, 97, (1948) pp.1-360.

Walter Burkert. Greek Religion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1985.

John Calvin. Institutes of the Christian Religion. [2012].

Canons of Dort. [2012].

Henry Chadwick. The Early Church. New York: Penguin Books, 1967.

P. Johannes Chrysostomus. “Die radikalen Sekten der russischen Altgläubigen: I Die Sekte der ‘Stranniki.” Ostkirchliche Studien, March 1972, Heft 1, Band 21. Augustinus-Verlag, Würzburg Druck: Fränskische Gesellschaftsdruckerei GmbH.

John B. Cobb. A Christian Natural Theology Based on the Thought of Alfred North Whitehead. 1965. [2012], text prepared in 1965.

Norman Cohn. The Pursuit of the Millennium. Revised and expanded edition. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1970.

A. Michael Colfer. Morality, Kindred and Ethnic Boundary: A Study of the Oregon Old Believers. New York: AMS Press, 1985.

Frederick Conybeare. Russian Dissenters. New York: Russell & Russell, 1962.

Angus Crawford. “Iraq’s Mandaeans ‘face extinction.” BBC News, March 4, 2007.

John Dominic Crossan. Jesus: a revolutionary biography. HarperSanFrancisco, 1994.

Robert O. Crummey. The Old Believers & the World of Antichrist. Madison, Wisconsin: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1970.

-----     Old Believers in a Changing World. DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois Univ. Press, 2011.

Christopher Dawson. The Making of Europe. New York: Meridian Books, Inc. 1956.

E. S. Drower. Water into Wine. A Study of Ritual Idiom in the Middle East. London: Murray, 1956.

-----     The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1962.

André Dupont-Sommer. The Essene Writings from Qumran. Cleveland: World Publishing Company, 1962.

Mary Baker Eddy. Science and Religion: with Key to the Scriptures. Boston, 1910, [2012].

 Paul Froese and Christopher Bader. America’s four Gods: What we say about God---& what that says about us. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2010.

Edgar J. Goodspeed. The Apocrypha. New York: Vintage Books, 1959.

Robert M. Grant. Gnosticism and Early Christianity. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.

Kirsten J. Grimstad. The Modern Revival of Gnosticism and Thomas Mann’s Doktor Faustus. Rochester, N.Y: Camden House, 2002.

René Guerdan. Byzantium. Its Triumphs and Tragedy, trans. D. L. B. Hartley. New York: Capricorn Books, 1957.

Charles G. Haeberl. “Mandaeism in Antiquity and the Antiquity of Mandaeism.” Religion Compass, Vol. 6, issue 5, May 2012, pp. 262-276.

Stephen Haliczer, ed. & trans. Inquisition and Society in Early Modern Europe.  Totowa, New Jersey: Barnes & Noble Books, 1987.

J. Hamilton and B. Hamilton, assistant, with Old Slavonic texts trans. Yuri Stoyanov. Christian Dualist Heresies in the Byzantine World c. 650-1405. Manchester and New York, 1998.

Susan W. Hardwick. Russian Refuge: religion, migration and settlement on the North Pacific rim. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1993.

August von Haxthausen. Studies on the Interior of Russia. Ed. S. F. Starr, trans. E. L. M. Schmidt. Chicago and London: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1972. (First German edition in 3 vols.: vol. 1 and 2 Hanover, 1847; vol. 3 Berlin, 1852)

Gordon B. Hinckley.  “Are Mormons Christians?” [2012].

Stephan Hoeller, “Wandering Bishops: Not All Roads Lead to Rome.” www.gnosis. org [2012]

 -----    “A Gnostic Catechism.” [2012].

Jeffrey Holland. “The Only True God and Jesus Christ Whom He Hath Sent.”

William R. Inge. Christian Mysticism. New York: Meridian Books, 1956.

Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons. Adversus Haereses, or Refutation and Overthrow of Knowledge falsely so-called.

A. V. Williams. Jackson. Researches in Manichaeism. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1931 or 1932.

James Joll. The Anarchists. New York: The Universal Library, 1966.

Hans Jonas. The Gnostic Religion. 2d ed. Boston: Beacon Press, 1963.

Flavius Josephus. Antiquities of the Jews and War of the Jews.

Andrew Kramer.”Three Centuries on, Russian Old Believers hang on in Oregon.” Berkeley Daily Planet, Berkeley. California, November 24, 2001.

LeRoy Ladurie. Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error. New York: George Braziller, 1978.

Jacques LacarriŹre. The Gnostics. trans. Nina Rootes; foreword by Lawrence Durrell. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1977.

Malcolm Lambert. Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation. Third Edition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2002.

-----     The Cathars. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.

Carol Lansing. Power and Purity: Cathar heresy in medieval Italy. Oxford and New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998.

Philip J. Lee. Against the Protestant Gnostics. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987.

Martin Luther.  Ninety-Five Theses or Disputations on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences. [2012].

Tadros Y. Malaty. The Coptic Orthodox Church as a church of erudition & theology. Alexandria: St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, 1986.

George Robert Stow Mead. Gnostic John the Baptizer: Selections from the Mandaean John-Book. Forgotten Books, 1924. [2012].

J. Gordon Melton. The Encyclopedia of American Religions. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1987.

Marvin Meyer. The Gnostic discoveries: the impact of the Nag Hammadi library. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2005.

Georg Bernhard Michels. At War with the Church: Religious Dissent in Seventeenth-Century Russia. Stanford, California: Stanford Univ. Press, 1999.

Paul Miliukov. Outlines of Russian Culture. Part I, Religion and the Church in Russia. Ed. Michael Karpovich. Philadelphia: A Perpetua Book, 1942.

William Monter. Ritual, Myth and Magic in Early Modern Europe. Athens, Ohio: Ohio Univ. Press, 1984.

Robert I. Moore. The War on heresy: Faith and power in medieval Europe. London: Profile, 2012.

S. A. Nigosian. The Zoroastrian Faith: Tradition and Modern Research. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Univ. Press, 1993.

Frederick A. Norwood. The Development of Modern Christianity since 1500. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1956.

Edward T. Oakes, S.J. “Are Protestants Heretics?” First Things, Dec. 19, 2007; [2012].

Dimitri Obolensky. The Bogomils. A Study in Balkan Neo-Manichaeism. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1948.

The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Oxford Univ. Press, 2003.

Cyrus R. Pangborn. Zoroastrianism: A Beleaguered Faith. New York: Advent Books, 1983.

Wolfhart Pannenberg. Metaphysics and the idea of God. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William E. Eerdmans, 1990.

H. B. Parkes. Gods and Men: The Origins of Western Culture. New York: Vintage Books, 1959.

Christopher Partridge. New Religions: A Guide. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2004.

Carlo Pavia. Guida di Roma Sotterranea. Rome: Gangemi Editore, 1998.

Edward Peters. Inquisition. New York: The Free Press, 1988.

-----     ed. Heresy and Authority in Medieval Europe. Documents in Translation. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1980.

Philo of Alexandria. Apologia pro Judaeis and Quod omnis probus liber sit.

Plato. Phaedo, Timaeus, Laws.

John C. Plott. The Axial Age. Vol. I of Global History of Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1963.

Chaim Rabin. Qumran Studies. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1957; New York, 1975.

G. E. Reaman. The Trail of the Huguenots. Toronto, 1963.

James M. Robinson. The Nag Hammadi Library in English. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1990.

Roy R. Robson. Old Believers in Modern Russia. DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois Univ. Press, 1995.

Kurt Rudolph. Gnosis: the Nature and History of Gnosticism. trans. R. M. Wilson. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1983.

Steven Runciman. First Bulgarian Empire. London: G. Bell & Sons, 1930.

-----     Byzantine Civilization. New York: Meridian Books, 1956.

-----     The Medieval Manichee, A Study of the Christian Dualist Heresy. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1982.

Thomas Max Safley, ed. A Companion to Multiconfessionalism in the Early Modern World. Boston: E. J. Brill, 2011.

Robert Alan Segal, ed. The Allure of Gnosticism: The Gnostic experience in Jungian psychology and contemporary culture. Chicago: Open Court, 1995.

Andrew Phillip Smith. The Gnostics. London: Watkins Publishing, 2008.

Joseph Smith. “13 Articles of Faith.” [2012].

Bruno Snell. The Discovery of the Mind in Greek Philosophy and Literature. New York: Dover Publications (reprint), 1982.

Yuri Stoyanov. The Other God: Dualist Religions from Antiquity to the Cathar Heresy. New Haven and London: Yale Univ. Press, 2000.

Charles Taylor. A Secular Age. Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, 2007.

Tertullian of Carthage. Adversus Marcionem.

T. P. Van Baren, “Towards a Definition of Gnosticism” in Ugo Bianchi ed., Le Origini dello Gnosticismo. Colloquio di Messina, 13-18 Aprile, 1966. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1967.

G. Vermes. The Dead Sea Scrolls in English, 2d ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1975.

H. J. Warner. The Albigensian Heresy. Vol. I, New York: Macmillan, 1922; Vol. II, New York: Macmillan, 1928.

Geo Widengren, “The Death of Gayōmart.” Myths and Symbols; Studies in Honor of Mircea Eliade. Eds. J. M. Kitigawa and C.H.Long, pp. 179-194. Chicago: The Univ. of Chicago Press, 1969.

Georg Wild. “Symbol und Dogma im Bogumilentum: Das Problem der Darstellungen auf den mittelalterlichen Grabstein Bosniens und Herzogowina.” Saeculum, Band 21, Heft 4 (1970), pp. 383-392.

Michael Allen Williams. Rethinking “Gnosticism.” Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Edwin M. Yamauchi. Pre-Christian Gnosticism. A Survey of the Proposed Evidences. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1973.


Websites [2012]


Some websites pertinent to the topics of the present study are not trustworthy, some are biased, and others are entirely one-sided. By now, however, there is also no end of objective information to be reached through discerning use of Internet references and search engines. The following websites merit serious consideration.  Has many versions of the Jewish and Christian scriptures. This, the website of the Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies,  contains thorough, scholarly articles on Zoroastrianism and Mithraism. Has some good comparisons. Website of Burton L. Mack. Conference on Sufism at Columbia University. Vehicle of the Ecclesia Gnostica, containing extensive bibliography. Broad range of articles from Christian perspective. The Association of Religion Data Archives is a vast assemblage of information, including comprehensive statistics, on religion in the United States. Broad, not deep. The website of the Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations. Often valuable for beginning a search.


ADDITIONAL READING  compiled by Gordon


Abels, R. and E. Harrison (1979) “The participation of women in Languedocian Catharism,” Mediaeval Studies XLI, pp. 315-51.

Albright, W. F. (1965) History, Archaeology and Christian Humanism. New York, McGraw & Hill. (Albright refers to the modern scholars such as A. Toynbee, A. Schweitzer and P. Tillich as modern gnostics, pp. 254-255.

Adam, A. (1967) “Ist die Gnosis in aramäischen Weisheitsschulen entstanden?” In Ugo Bianchi, ed. Le Origini dello Gnosticismo. Colloquio di Messina, 13-18 Aprile, 1966. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Allegro, John (1964) The Dead Sea Scrolls, A Reappraisal. New York: Penguin.

Alter, Robert (1992) “How Important Are The Dead Sea Scrolls?” Commentary, February, pp. 34-41.

Amidon, P. R.(1997) The Panarion of Epiphanius, Bishop of Salamis. Leiden & New York: Brill.

Andrews, F. (1999) The Early Humiliati. Cambridge.

Angelov Dimiter (1987) The Bogomil Movement. Sofia, Sofia Press.

Anonymous (1963) Les Eglises Wallonnes des Pays-Bas. Amsterdam: Edition de L’Écho des Églises Wallonnes.

Armand Hugon, A. and G. Gonnet (1953) Bibliografia Valdese. Torre Pellice: Tipografia Subalpina.

Armstrong, A. H (1978) “Gnosis and Greek Philosophy,” In Gnosis: Festschrift für Hans Jonas, pp. 87-124. Göttingen.

 --------  (1979) Plotinian and Christian Gnosis. London: Variorum.

Asboth, J. de. (1900) Official Tour Through Bosnia and Herzogovina. London.

Aston, M. E. (1980) “Lollard women priests?” Journal of Ecclesiastical History XXXI, pp. 441-61.

Barnard, L. W. (1974) The Graeco-Roman Background of the Iconoclastic Controversy. Leiden.

Barnes, R. B. (1988) Prophecy and Gnosis: Apocalypticism in the Wake of the Lutheran Reformation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Bartels, Johann H. (1787) Briefe über Kalabrien und Sizilien. Göttingen.

Bartos, F. M. (1986) The Hussite Revolution, 1424-1437. Leiden.

Bender, H. S. and C. H., eds. (1959) The Mennonite Encyclopedia. Scottdale, PA.

Berkhout, C. T. and J. B. Russell Medieval Heresies. A Bibliography, 1960-1979. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1981.

Betegh, Gábor (2004) The Derveni Papyrus: Cosmology, Theology, and Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bevan, E. R. (1940) Holy Images: An Inquiry into Idolatry and Image-Worship in Ancient Paganism and in Christianity. Gifford Lectures. London: AMS.

Bianchi, Ugo (1969) “Docetism,” in Myths and Symbols. Studies in Honor of Mircea Eliade (ed. J. M. Kitagawa and C. H. Long), pp. 265-277. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

-------- (1978) Selected Essays on Gnosticism, Dualism and Mysteriosophy. Leiden: Brill.

--------, ed. (1967) Le Origini dello Gnosticismo. Colloquio di Messina, 13-18 Aprile, 1966. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Bigg, C. (1913) The Christian Platonists of Alexandria. Oxford.

Blackman. E. C. (1948) Marcion and his Influence. London.

Blanchet, Leon (1920) Campanella. Paris

Bonaparte, L. L. (1891) “Linguistic Islands in the Neopolitan and Sicilian Provinces of Italy,” Transactions of the Philological Society, 1888-90, pp. 335-364, London.

Bourguet, Pierre (1966) La Croix huguenote, 2nd ed. Lausanne.

Brissaud, Simone (1959) “L’iconographie de la croix et les symboles religeux en Languedoc,” Bulletin de la Société d’Etudes Scientifiques de l’Aude, Vol. 60, pp. 3 sq.

Bryer, A. and J. Herrin, eds., (1977) Iconoclasm. Birmingham.

Burkitt, F. C. (1925) The Religion of the Manichees. Cambridge.

Burrows, Millar (1955) The Dead Sea Scrolls. New York.

Campbell, L. A. (1968) Mithraic Iconography and Ideology. Leiden.

Campilongo, Franco (1959) Gli albanesi in Calabria e S. Basile. Edizioni Alzani Pinerolo.  (Includes map)

Carus, Paul (1994) The History of the Devil and the idea of evil, from the earliest times to the present day. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court Publ. Co.

Chadwick, Henry (1980) “The Domestication of Gnosis”. Proceedings of the Yale Conference on Gnosticism. Ed. Bentley Layton. Leiden: E. J. Brill

Clemen, Carl (1912) Primitive Christianity and Its Non-Jewish Sources. Edinburgh.

Clifton, C. S. (1992) Encyclopedia of Heresies and Heretics. Santa Barbara.

Colpe, C. (1965) “Lichtsymbolik im alten Iran und antiken Judentum,” Studium Generale, 18, 2.

Conze, E. (1967) “Buddhism and Gnosis” In Ugo Bianchi, ed. Le Origini dello Gnosticismo. Colloquio di Messina, 13-18 Aprile, 1966. Leiden: E. J. Brill. (See Pagels xx-xxi.)

Correll, Ernst (1925) Das schweizerische Täufermennonitentum, Ein soziologischen Bericht. Tübingen: Verlag von J. C. B. Mohr-Paul Siegeck.

Culianu, Ioan (1992) The Tree of Gnosis: gnostic mythology from Early Christianity to modern nihilism. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Cumont, Franz (1908) Recherches sur la Manichéisme 2:111, 164. Brussels.

-------- (1956) The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism. New York: Dover Publications, 1956

-------- (1956) The Mysteries of Mithra. New York.

Davies, Arthur P. (1956) The Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: A Mentor Book.

Deanesly, M. (1920) The Lollard Bible and Other Medieval Biblical Versions. Cambridge.

Deman, A. (1975) Mithras and Christ: some iconographical similarities in Mithraic Studies, ed. J. R. Hinnells, Vol. II. Manchester.

Donaldson, James, ed. “The Apostolical Constitutions.” Ante-Nicene, Christian Library: Translation of the Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D. 325. 17:85. Edinburgh.

Duchesne-Guillemin, Jacques (1966) Symbols and Values. In Zoroastrianism. Their Survival and Renewal. New York: Harper & Row.

Dupont-Sommer, A. (1956) The Jewish Sect of Qumran and the Essenes. New York: Macmillan.

Eliade, Mircea (1952) Images et Symboles. Paris.

-------- (1959) The Sacred and the Profane. The Nature of Religion, trans. W. R. Trask. New York: A Harvest Book.

-------- (1985) History of Religious Ideas from Muhammad to the Age of Reforms. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press

Elkington, J. (1903) The Doukhobors. Their History in Russia. Their Migration to Canada. Philadelphia.

Filippo de Boni (1864) L’Inquisizione e i Calabro-Valdesi. Milano.

Filoramo, Giovanni (1990) A History of Gnosticism, trans. A. Alcock. Oxford.

Fontaine, P. F. M. (1986 and 1987) The Light and the Dark. A Cultural History of Dualism.  (Vol. 1: Dualism in the archaic and early classical periods of Greek history, Leiden; Vol. 2: Dualism in the political and social history of Greece in the fifth and fourth century B.C., Amsterdam.)

Frend, W. H. C. (1954) “The Gnostic Sects and the Roman Empire,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History, vol. 5, 25-37.

Fretz, J. W. (1945) Mennonite Colonization in Mexico. Akron (PA): The Mennonite Central Committee.

Friedländer, M. (1972) Der vorchristliche jüdische Gnosticismus, 2nd ed. Göttingen.

Friedmann, Robert (1959) “Hutterian Pottery or Haban Fayences,” Mennonite Life, 13, 1958, pp. 147-152; and 14, pp. 129-30.

Garsoēan, N. G. (1967) The Paulician Heresy: A Study of the Origin and Development of Paulicianism in Armenia and the Eastern Provinces of the Byzantine Empire. The Hague: Mouton.

Glatzer, N. N., ed. (1961) A Jewish Reader. In Time and Eternity, 2nd ed. New York: Schocken Books.

Grant, R. M. (1969) “Chains of Being in Early Christianity,” in Myths and Symbols. Studies in Honor of Mircea Eliade (ed. J. M. Kitagawa and C. H. Long), pp. 279-289. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

Grant, R. M., D. N. Freedman and W. R. Schoedel (1960) The Secret Sayings of Jesus. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.

Grass, K. K. (1905-1914) Die Russische Secten, 2 vols. Leipzig.

van Groningen, Gerard (1967) First century Gnosticism. Its Origin and Motifs. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Guerín, Franćois (1642) De la régénération contre les corrutions de ce temps. Aux églises de Piémont par Franćois Guerín ministre de Jesus Christ ą Boby. GenŹve: De Tournes.

Gulacsi, Zsuzsanna (2005) Medieval Manichaean book art: a codicological study of Iranian and Turkic book fragments from 8th-11th  century east Central Asia. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Hauptmann, P. (1963) Altrussischer Glaube. Göttingen.

Heath, R. (1895) Anabaptism from its Rise at Zwickau to its Fall at Münster, 1521-1536.  London: Alexander & Shepheard.

Heymann, F. G. (1971) “The Hussite revolution and the German Peasants’ War: an historical comparison,” Medievalia et Humanistica, n. s., pp. 141-159.

Hill, Christopher (1971) Antichrist in Seventeenth-Century England. London.

Hirsch, Ernst (1963) Beiträge zur Sprachgeschichte der Würtenbergischen Waldenser. (with seven maps) Stuttgart.

Hooke, S. H. (1948) Babylonian and Assyrian Religion. London.

Horowitz, I. L., ed. (1964) The Anarchists. New York: Delf Publishing Co.

Horsch, John (1931) Hutterian Brethren, 1528-1931: a story of martyrdom and loyalty. Goshen, Indiana: Mennonite Historical Society.

--------  (1942) Mennonites in Europe. Scottdale Penna, Mennonite Publ. House.

Hostetler, J. A. and G. E. Huntington (1967) The Hutterites in North America. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Inge, W. R. (1926) The Platonic Tradition in English Religious Thought. Oxford.

Jalla, Jean (1934) Les Vaudois des Alpes. Torre Pellice: Libreria Editrice.

Jonas, Hans (1967) “Delimitation of the gnostic phenomenon-typological and historical,” in Le Origini dello Gnosticismo, pp.69-101. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

--------  (1995) Gnosticism and Modern Nihilism, The Allure of Gnosticism, ed. R. A. Segal; J. Singer and M. Stein, assoc. eds. Chicago and LaSalle, Illinois: Open Court. 

Jones, A. H. M. (1962) Constantine and the Conversion of Europe, New, Revised Edition. New York: Collier Books.

Kaminsky, H. (1956) “Hussite Radicalism and the Origin of Tabor, 1415-18,” Medievalia et Humanistica, 10, 102-30.

Kanter, Helmuth  Kalabrie. Hamburg, 1930.

Kieckhefer, Richard (1979) Repression of Heresy in Medieval  Germany. Philadelphia.

Kienzle, B. M. (2001) Cistercians, Heresy and Crusade in Occitania, 1145-1229. Rochester, New York.

King, K. L. (2003) What Is Gnosticism? Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press.

Klimheit, Hans-Joachim (1998) Studies in Manichaean Art Literature and Art. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Knox, Ronald A. (1959) Enthusiasm, A Chapter in the History of Religion. Oxford.

Koschorke, K. (1978) Die Polemik der Gnostiker gegen das kirkliche Christentum. Leiden.

Landis, D. L. and R. S. Gottlieb, eds. (2001)  Deep Ecology and World Religions. Albany, New York: State Univ. of New York Press.

Lantelme, P. G. (1950) Die Geschichte der drei Waldensergemeinden Rohrbach, Wembach und Hahn. Pfungstadt, Hessen: Verlag Jacob Helene.

Layton, Bentley (1987) The Gnostic Scriptures. New York.

Leff, Gordon (1967) Heresy in the Late Middle Ages. Manchester.

Léger, Jean (1669) Histoire générale des Eglises des Vallées du Piémont, ou Vaudoises. Leyde.

Lendl, Egon (1965) “Zur religionsgeographischen Problematik des europäischen Südostens,” in Verhandlungen des Deutschen Geographentages 1963, vol. 34, pp. 129-139.

Lewis, I. M. (1971) Ecstatic Religion. Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Lidzbarski, Mark ed. and trans. (1925) GinzČ, der Schatz, oder der grosse Buch der Mandäer. Göttingen.

Loos, M. (1974) Dualist Heresy in the Middle Ages. Prague.

Macrae, George (1983) “Apocalyptic Eschatology in Gnosticism,” in Apocalypticism  in the Mediterranian World and the Near East, ed. David Hellholm, pp. 317-25. Tübingen: Mohr.

Maitland, S. R. (1832) Facts and Documents Illustrative of the...Albigenses and Waldenses. London.

Malmede, H. H. (1986) Die Lichtsymbolik im Neuen Testament. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz.

Marafioti, Girolamo  Croniche et antichitą di Calabria. (First ed. Padova, 1601). Sala Bolognese: A. Fonti, 1975.

McDonnell, E. W. (1969) The Beguines and Beghards in Medieval Culture: With Special Emphasis on the Belgian Scene. New York: Octogon Books.

Merrill, E. H. (1975) Qumran and Predestination. A Theological Study of the Thanksgiving Hymns. Leiden.

Mětšk, Frido (1968) Die Wendische Diaspora (Diaspora Sorbica) der Herrnhuter Brüderunität, in Die Stellung der Sorben in der territorialen Verwaltungsgliederung des deutschen Feudalismus, pp. 85-88. Bautzen: Vebdomowina-Verlag.

Milléquant, M. C. (1969) Das Französische in einen sprach und Kulturhistorichen Sicht. Osnabrueck.

Moore, William (1973) Molokan Oral Tradition. Berkeley.

Müller, Werner (1963) ‘’Mazdak and the Alphabet Mysticism of the East,” in History of Religions, vol. 3, No. 1.

Muston, Alexis (1978) The Israel of the Alps:a complete history of  the Waldenses and their Colonies: prepared in great part from unpublished documents. New York: AMS  Press.

Needleman, Jacob, ed.(1974) The Sword of Gnosis. Baltimore:

Nelli, René, F. Niel, J. Duvernoy, D. Roché (1964) Iconographie du Catharisme, p.168. Paris.

Niebuhr, Reinhold (1944) The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness, a vindication of democracy and a critique of its traditional defence. New York: Charles. Scribner’s Sons.

Ort, L. J. R. (1967)  Mani. A Religio-historical Description of His Personality. Leiden.

Pagels, Elaine (1988) Adam, Eve, and the Serpent. New York: Random House.

-------- (1975) The Gnostic Paul: Gnostic Exegesis of the Pauline Letters. Philadelphia: Fortress Press

-------- (1981) The Gnostic Gospels. New York: Vintage Books.

Payne, E. A. (1949) The Anabaptists of the 16th Century and their Influence in the Modern World. London.

Pearlman, Moshe (1967) The Zealots of Masada. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Perkins, P. (1980) The Gnostic Dialogue. New York.

Pike, E. Royston (1958) Encyclopaedia of Religion. Cleveland and New York: Meridian Books.

Pritchard, J. B. (1958) The Ancient Near East; an anthology of texts and pictures. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press.

Radford, L. B. (1913) Ancient Heresies in Modern Dress: the Moorhouse Lectures. Melbourne: George Robertson & Co.

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